The California Air Assets Board (CARB) just lately voted to finalize its Advanced Clean Fleets (ACF) rule, a set of rules that requires new medium- and heavy-duty autos offered or registered within the state to be zero-emission by 2036, and requires all vehicles to be zero-emission by 2042.
The rule is a complement to CARB’s Advanced Clean Trucks (ACT, in fact) rule, which was adopted in 2020. ACT works from the availability aspect, requiring that producers provide electrical vehicles, whereas ACF addresses the demand aspect, requiring that business fleet operators purchase a sure variety of electrical vehicles.
CARB’s vote to approve the brand new measure was unanimous, and so was the reward from EV advocates. The Sierra Club known as approval of the brand new rule “a significant victory for public well being and environmental justice advocates.” InsideEVs mentioned, “We will solely hope the world is watching and others will comply with swimsuit.”
Not everyone seems to be happy, nevertheless. Trucking companies and commerce teams are rising as sturdy anti-electrification voices. As former Daimler exec and electrical truck advocate Rustam Kocher just lately advised Charged, “This business may be very, very old-school, very, very conservative. You’ll see pushback from them till TCO turns into constructive working the autos.”
Andrew Boyle, First Vice Chair of the American Trucking Associations (ATA) just lately made a speech in entrance of the US Congress, which contained a number of incorrect statements about EVs. The ATA is a member of the recently-formed Clean Freight Coalition, which lobbies towards clear freight regulation.
ATA President and CEO Chris Spear just lately spoke towards CARB’s approval of the ACF: “Fleets are simply starting to grasp what it takes to efficiently function these vehicles, however what they’ve realized to date is they’re considerably dearer, charging and refueling infrastructure is nonexistent, and ZEVs should not essentially a one-for-one alternative—that means extra vehicles will likely be wanted on California roads to maneuver the identical quantity of freight.”
Eric Sauer, CEO of the California Trucking Affiliation, foresees dire outcomes from the ACF regulation: “The one impact ACF implementation can have is that it’s going to assure a whole dismantling of our state’s trucking business and have a detrimental impact on items motion and your entire provide chain.”
Sauer cited the dearth of charging infrastructure, the provision of electrical vehicles, the added weight batteries will add to thevehicles, the environmental affect of battery manufacturing, and the detrimental affect on smaller trucking corporations that lack the sources to affect their fleets within the time required.
The issues these gents cite are actual, however removed from insurmountable.
California’s Hybrid and Zero-Emission Truck and Bus Voucher Incentive Challenge (HVIP) supplies point-of-sale vouchers to make EVs extra reasonably priced. In response to Southern California-based Tom’s Truck Heart, with a BEV voucher valued between $120,000 and $186,000, a buyer can purchase an EV for about the identical buy value as a diesel truck.
Heavy-duty charging infrastructure is presently meager, however a variety of corporations are working to fulfill the anticipated demand (and sure, California presents incentives for infrastructure too). Daimler Truck is constructing a heavy-duty charging community, and truck cease chain Pilot is working with Volvo so as to add charging for Class 8 EVs to its websites. In the meantime, corporations like Zeem Options, WattEV and Terawatt are exploring new enterprise fashions for the heavy-duty charging house.
As for batteries, CATL says it’s going to quickly provide a battery with particular power of 500 Wh/kg—double that of a Tesla Mannequin Y—and as Michael Barnard just lately wrote in CleanTechnica, CATL, the world’s largest battery-maker (not like one other well-known EV firm, which nonetheless has a Class 8 EV in service with Pepsico) has a historical past of delivering what it guarantees on time.
Lastly, the ACF guidelines embrace a plethora of exceptions (“loopholes” to EV advocates), together with exemptions if zero-emission vehicles aren’t out there, or if infrastructure set up would possibly delay implementation. Timelines are completely different for various organizations. “Excessive-priority” entities like state and native governments and huge business operators should comply earlier, however smaller operators and fewer EV-friendly purposes similar to long-haul trucking can have extra time. Carriers with 10 or fewer autos, or companies in sure designated counties, will likely be exempt from the ZEV buy requirement till 2027.
The truth is, so quite a few are the exemptions and carve-outs that CARB estimates that, of the 1.8 million medium- and heavy-duty autos now working in California, 532,000 will likely be topic to ACF fleet necessities. The regulation focuses on the highest-polluting truck lessons. It’s going to apply to an estimated 67% of Class 7-8 tractors, 52% of Class 4-8 vocational vehicles, and 12% of Class 2b-3 vehicles.